In anticipation of my upcoming visit to Ottawa next weekend I have started to do some research and contacted Ottawa Tourism. Ottawa, as Canada’s capital, is one of Canada’s most popular travel destinations and it includes a great variety destinations, activities and events to offer.
I had an opportunity to talk to Jantine Van Kregten from Ottawa Tourism who had been kind enough to offer me a great general overview of what to see and do in Ottawa.
1. Please provide us with some general details about Ottawa. How big is the town, where’s it located, what’s the weather like?
Ottawa is the capital of Canada, and its fourth largest city. With the neighbouring city of Gatineau in the province of Quebec, the region has about 1.2 million people. Ottawa is found in eastern Ontario, about four hours’drive northeast of Toronto; two hours west of Montreal; and one hour north of the border with their state of New York.
Ottawa enjoys four distinct seasons, with warmest temperatures and sometimes high humidity in July and August; a temperate fall with gorgeous fall colours; a cold and snowy winter; and a damp spring.
2. How do one get to Ottawa and what is the best means of getting around in Ottawa?
Ottawa is obtainable with direct flights from major centres in Canada and several U.S. cities including New York, Washington, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit, Atlanta and more. Ottawa is a major stop along the Windsor-Quebec City corridor of VIA Rail and bus service also links the town with other Canadian cities.
By car, major thoroughfares include Highway 416 that links Ottawa with Highway 401. Highway 417 runs through the town, while Autoroutes 5, 50 and 148 are the major highways on the Quebec side of the river.
3. Ottawa is Canada’s capital and has played a significant role in the real history of the country. Please reveal more about this and the Canadian Heritage Experiences offered in Ottawa.
The story of Ottawa begins with the building of the Rideau Canal between 1826 and 1832 by Lt. Col. John By of the Royal Engineers and tens and thousands of mostly Irish labourers. The Canal stretches 202 km (126 miles) through eastern Ontario to the St. Lawrence River and was built to make certain a supply line in the event of American attack (which never came). The Canal was never used for a military purpose and its 49 locks are still operated in the exact same way as when these were built. In reality, the Rideau Canal is Canada’s nominee to be named a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which can be expected in 2007, the 175th anniversary of its construction. ottawa capital of canada
Queen Victoria decreed in 1857 that Ottawa would be the capital of the country that became Canada. The majestic Parliament Buildings were constructed shortly thereafter and remain a “must-see” attraction in the capital. Whilst the capital, Ottawa can be home to 24 Sussex Drive (the prime minister’s residence and not open to the public); Rideau Hall (home of the Governor General, with guided tours of residence and gardens available); and dozens of high commissions and embassies from governments across the world.
Don’t miss Laurier House, home to both Sir Wilfrid Laurier and WIlliam Lyon Mackenzie King, two former prime ministers, or the Mackenzie King Estate, King’s summer home in Gatineau Park.
4. Please reveal about a few of the major attractions, museums and galleries in the Ottawa area.
The newest addition to the national museum scene is the impressive Canadian War Musuem, which opened in May 2005 in a wonderful location next to the Ottawa River. Canada’s most-visited museum is Gatineau’s Canadian Museum of Civilization. The National Gallery of Canada offers the biggest assortment of Canadian art, along side European and American masters. Other cultural facilities are the Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography; the Canada Aviation Museum; the Canada Science and Technology Museum; the Canada Agriculture Museum; the Royal Canadian Mint; the Currency Museum of the Bank of Canada; and the Canadian Museum of Nature, currently in the midst of an enormous renovation project, to be completed in 2009.
Other museums are the Bytown Museum, which tells the real history of Ottawa’s early days, like the building of the Rideau Canal; the Billings Estate Museum that traces the real history of a prominent local family; and the funky Diefenbunker, Canada’s Cold War Museum, a four-storey underground bunker which was constructed between 1959 and 1961 as the positioning to that the Canadian political and military elite would ride out the results of a nuclear attack.
5. Our readers wish to find out concerning the festivals and special events in Ottawa.
The festival scene in Ottawa is a powerful, year-round affair. The season commences with Winterlude, a massive winter festival held over the first three weekends in February. In March, the Irish community celebrates Irish week, and in March and April, the maple syrup season spawns numerous delicious festivals and events celebrating this tasty treat.
May is one of the Canadian Tulip Festival–three weeks of celebration of Ottawa’s favourite flower. During World War II, the Dutch royal family took refuge in Ottawa and Princess Margriet was created here, in a hospital room designated Dutch soil for the event. Canadians played a massive role in liberating the Netherlands and when the royal family returned home following the war, as a gesture of friendship, respect and appreciation, they sent tens and thousands of tulip bulbs. The bulbs have followed every year since and now 3,000,000 tulips bloom in Canada’s Capital Region.
Late May brings Canada’s largest marathon within the Ottawa Race Weekend. Over the summer months, festivals abound: Doors Open Ottawa showcase heritage buildings; Italian Week; the Ottawa Fringe Festival; the TD Canada Trust Ottawa International Jazz Festival; the Nortel Ottawa Dragon Boat Race Festival; Cisco Systems Ottawa Bluesfest (Canada’s largest); the Ottawa International Chamber Music Festival (the world’s largest); the Sound of Light fireworks festival; Ottawa Busker Festival; Ottawa GreekFest; CKCU Ottawa Folk Festival; the Central Canada Exhibition; and Pride Week.
On Parliament Hill, two free activities occur daily in the summer: the 10:00 a.m. Changing the Guard ceremony and the evening Sound and Light Show.
In the fall, the Gatineau Hot Air Balloon Festival colours the skies; while the La Vendemmia Harvest Festival tempts visitors’palates. The Ottawa International Animation Festival showcases artists from all over the world while the Ottawa International Writers Festival provides a community for authors’lively debates. Fall Rhapsody celebrates the splendid autumn colours.
The capital lights up for the holiday season with the Christmas Lights Across Canada program.
6. Think about restaurants and entertainment / nightlife areas in Ottawa?
Several neighbourhoods offer entertainment options in Ottawa. The ByWard Market is one of Ottawa’s oldest neighbourhoods and also functions as its entertainment district, with over 100 food and drink options in just a four-block-square area. Whether it’s fine dining, a good diner, a cosy bistro, or a romantic cafe, you’ll find it in “the Market.”
Elgin Street is another popular nightlife area, with an eclectic choice of bars, restaurants and cafes in just a few blocks. Bank Street offers three to four distinct areas along its length, including a popular area called the Glebe. In the near west end, Westboro can be an attractive selection for dinner and drinks.
Obviously, you can also elect to explore the different options at the Casino du Lac-Leamy–whether it’s gaming excitement or a show at its popular theatre or a dinner at its five-diamond restaurant Le Baccara. The region’s other five-diamond establishment (two of only 11 across Canada) is Signatures at Le Cordon Bleu Ottawa.